Module 1 Travel
  Unit1 We toured the city by bus and by taxi.
  1. welcome back 欢迎回来2. not bad 还不错
  3. be full of 充满 =be filled with4. over = more. than 超过、多于
  5. because of + 名词/ 代词/动名词because +句子
  6. fly back to +地名 飞回某地7. a bit late 有点晚 a bit of + 不可数名词
  8. fly direct to Hong Kong 直飞香港9. succeed in doing sth. 成功做某事
  10. take a boat to sp. = go to sp. by boat 坐船去某地have quite a good time 玩得很高兴
  11. tour the city v. = take a tour to the city n. 环城市旅行
  12. go for a walk 去散步13. had better do sth. 最好做某事
  14. at the end of the term 在学期末15. nothing to worry about 没什么担心的
  16. as long as 只要; 和……一样长17. the school-leavers’ party 毕业生晚会
  18. look forward to+ sth. / doing sth. 盼望(做)某事
  Unit 2 It’s a long story.
  1. say goodbye to sb. 向某人告别say hello to sb. 向某人问候
  2. take care 多保重care for:喜欢care about:关心
  take care = be careful 小心、注意take care of sb. / sth. 照顾某人 / 保管某物
  3. get on 上(车) get off 下(车)
  4. Be afraid +that从句 恐怕be afraid of +名词/代词/动名词 害怕/担心be afraid to do sth. 害怕做某事
  5. take one’s seat 就坐;坐某人的座位
  have /get sth. ready: 把某物准备好Please have your tickets ready.请把票准备好。
  6. have a look at sth. = take a look at sth. = look at sth. 看一看某物
  7. I see the problem. 我发现问题了。I see. 我明白了。
  8. How stupid of me.!我真笨! = How stupid I am!How + adj. + of sb. to do sth. 某人因做了某事而显得怎样
  How careless of you to make this mistake.
  9. wait a moment 等一会儿for a moment 一会儿at that moment 在那时
  a moment ago 刚才at any moment任何时候a moment later片刻之后
  10. 1). That’s very good of you. 你真好。
  It’s / That’s + 形容词 + of sb. to do sth. 表示人的性 格或品质,这类形容词有:kind, good, nice, clever, polite, careless等。It’s kind of you to help me with the work.
  2). 若形容词 仅仅是描述事物, 不是对不定式行为者的品格进行评价时,用for sb.,这类形容词有:difficult, easy, hard, important, dangerous等。It’s difficult for us to finish the work.
  11. go past 经过
  12. sb. be surprised to do sth.某人惊奇做某事sb. be surprised at sth.某人对…感到惊奇
  to one’s surprise 令人惊奇的是in surprise 惊奇地, 是副词性短语,修饰动词
  13. take off 脱下 (反义词 ) → put on穿上take off 起飞
  14. make sb. / oneself + adj.(形容词) 使某人/某人自己怎样The news made her happy.
  15. make sb./oneself done (heard /understood)使某人/ 某人自己被(听见/ 理解)The teacher made himself understood in class.
  16. It’s a long story. 说来话长。(口语)
  17. 1) offer to do sth. 主动提出做某事offer sb. sth. = offer sth. to sb. 向某人提供某物
  2) provide sb. With sb. = provide sth. for sb. 提供某物给某人
  1. succeed的用法及拓展
  1). succeed是动词,意为“成功;继承”。常见搭配为:succeed in (doing) sth成功做某事;succeed to sth 继承某物。
  The plan had succeeded. 这个计划成功了。
  So far, we’ve succeeded in saving thousands of people in danger.到目前为止,我们已经成功解救了成千上万个处于危险中的人。
  2). success是名词,意为“成功,成就”。
  I wish you success with your studies. 祝你学业有成。
  3). successful是形容词,意为“成功的,有成就的”。
  eg:He was successful in finding a good job.他成功地找到了一份好工作。
  2. take care的用法
  take care意为“小心;注意”,相当于be careful,可构成take care to do sth结构表示“小心做某事;当心做某事”。
  eg:Take care to cross the road. 过马路时要小心。
  take care of表示“照顾”,与look after 同义。
  take off 脱下;起飞
  take up 占据
  take place 发生
  take out 取出
  1. be filled with和be full of
  意义上:be filled with = be full of “充满”。
  1). be filled with侧重于动作。
  eg:The basket is filled with apples by the old man. 老人把篮子装满了苹果。
  2). be full of侧重于状态。
  eg:The bottle is full of water. 瓶子里装满了水。
  2. because 和because of
  1). because 是连词,用来引导原因状语从句。
  eg:John didn’t attend the meeting because he was ill.约翰没有出席会议,因为他病了。
  2). because of是介词短语,其后可接名词、代词或动词的-ing形式,表示原因。
  eg:We stayed at home because of the rain. 由于下雨我们待在家里。
  Module 2 Education
  Unit 1 They don’t sit in rows.
  1. What is…like? …是什么样的?/…怎么样?What are English school like?英国学校什么样?What’s the weather like today?
  2. a bit /a little/much/even + 形容词或副词的比较级a little earlier much better
  3. wear a jacket and tie 穿夹克衫系领带4. sit in rows 坐成排5. sports ground 运动场
  6. Enjoy /like doing sth. 喜欢做某事7. one day 某一天(过去/将来)8. Play with 和…玩
  9. mean doing sth. 意味着做某事mean to do sth. 打算/意图做某事
  Unit2-Unit3What do I like best about school?
  1. How do you like …?= What do you think of …?你觉得…怎么样?
  2. far (away) from sp. 离某地多远3. primary school 小学secondary school 中学
  4. be present at 出席be absent from 缺席
  5. last (for) + 一段时间 持续…6. have a break = have /take a rest 休息一下
  7. two more lessons = another two lessons 还有两节课
  8. instead of + sth. /doing sth. 代替,而不是
  9. in the country = in the countryside 在农村,在乡下
  10. parents’ meeting 家长会11. once a term 一学期一次
  12. above all 首先,是重要的是13. do well in 在……方面做得好
  14. ask for one’s advice 征求某人的建议take/follow one’s advice 接受/听从某人的建议
  15.to one’s surprise 令某人惊讶的是16. teach oneself sth. = learn sth. by oneself自学
  1. enjoy的用法
  1). enjoy后接反身代词oneself,构成固定搭配enjoy oneself,意为“过得愉快,玩的高兴”,相当于have a good time。
  eg:I hope you enjoy yourself this evening. 我希望你今晚玩得开心。
  2). enjoy doing sth表示“喜欢做某事”。
  eg:I enjoyed listening to light music. 我喜欢听轻音乐。
  2. 动词辨析
  1). hope意为“希望”,后面可接宾语从句或构成hope to do sth结构。
  I hope to go now. 我希望现在就去。
  I hope you finish your homework on time.我希望你按时完成家庭作业。
  2). 辨析wish和hope
  wish表示愿望实现的可能性不大,后面可以接不定式复合结构和从句,也可接双宾语,即wish sb sth,此时表示“祝愿某人……”;hope表示愿望有可能实现,后接动词不定式或宾语从句,但不能接不定式的复合结构。
  We wish you a happy birthday. 我们祝你生日快乐。
  I wish you to win the first prize in the race. 我希望你在比赛中获得第一名。
  1. look like & be like
  1). look like指外表怎么样
  ---What does your girlfriend look like?---你的女朋友长什么样?
  ---She’s pretty with bright big eyes.---她很漂亮,有一双明亮的大眼睛。
  2). be like可指人的外表、性格、品质,也可指事物的性质和特征
  ---I have never seen your brother. What is he like?
  ---He is a tall, handsome young man full of humor and sympathy.
  2. for example & such as & like
  1). for example作“例如”讲时,一般只以同类事物或人中的“一个”为例,作插入语,用逗号隔开,可置于句首、句中或句末。
  eg:For example, London is the capital of Britain.例如,伦敦是英国的首都。
  2). such as也作“例如”讲,用来列举同类人或事物中的几个例子。
  eg:Boys such as John and James are very friendly.像约翰和詹姆斯这样的男孩们都很友好。
  3). like也常用来距离,可与such as互换。
  eg:Some warm-blooded animals, like / such as the cat, the dog or the wolf, do not need to hibernate.一些恒温动物,像猫、狗和狼都不需要冬眠。
  Module3 Life now and then
  Unit1 They sometimes work harder.
  1. nearly = almost 几乎;差不多2. know …about 了解关于…的情况
  3. There is less fear of 很少害怕4. get ill 生病
  5. take /do exercise=play sports 做锻炼
  6. used to do sth.过去常常做某事There used to be 曾经有
  7. suppose that 从句 猜想;认为suppose sb. to be 认为某人是be supposed to do sth. =should do sth. 应该做某事
  You are not supposed to play basketball here.
  8. That’s because… 那是因为…That’s why … 那就是…的原因
  9. the number of +可数名词复数 …的数量(数目、人数),其作主语时,谓语动词用单数。
  a number of +可数名词复数 许多的,其作主语时,谓语动词用复数。
  10. in one’s free time = in one’s spare time = when sb. be free 在某人的业余时间
  11. speak up 大点声说12. the deaf 失聪的人the blind 盲人
  Unit 2-Unit3 I think life is better today.
  1. all one’s life 终生,一辈子all day (long) 整天all the year round 整年
  2. in the winter cold or in the summer heat 无论是寒冷的冬天还是火热的夏天
  3. a loving mother 一位慈祥的妈妈4. go out to work 出去工作
  5. a full-time job 一份全职工作a part-time job 一份兼职工作
  6. afford to do sth. 有足够的钱做某事afford to buy sth. 买得起某物
  7. what’s more 而且;更重要的是8. play a role/part in (doing) sth. 在(干)某事上起作用
  9. have a good education 接受良好的教育
  10. be/get married to sb. 与某人结婚11. be happy/glad to do sth. 高兴/乐意做某事
  12. be busy doing sth. = be busy with sb. 忙于(做)某事
  13. though 可是,不过;然而 (位于句末)14. Generally speaking = in general 一般而言
  15. satisfying adj. 令人满意的be satisfied with … 对…满意 satisfy v. 使……满意
  1. suppose的用法
  1). suppose + (that)从句,表示“猜想……,认为……”,若从句是否定形式,且主句主语是第一人称时,其用法同guess,think,believe一样,应将否定前移至主句。
  eg:I don’t suppose my friend can finish the work.我认为我的朋友不能完成这项工作。
  2). suppose + sb+to be表示“猜想/认为某人是……”。
  eg:All his neighbors suppose him to be an artist.他所有的邻居都认为他是个艺术家。
  3). be supposed to do sth意为“应该/应当做某事”。
  eg:We are supposed to be there at 7 o’clock. 我们应该七点钟到那儿。
  2. 情态动词used to的用法
  used to…意为“过去常常……,曾经……”,用于过去经常发生的事,强调现在不那样了。
  辨析used to,be used to和be used for
  1). used to “过去常常……”,表示与现在的比较,这种动作已经成为过去的事实,现在已经不再这样了。
  eg:I used to smoke, but I gave up a couple of years ago.
  2). be used to 表示“习惯……”,to是介词,后面接名词或v-ing,可以用于现在、过去、将来的多种时态,还可以用get,become等词来代替be。
  eg:I am not used to the weather here. 我不习惯这里的天气。
  3). be used for表示“……被用来……”,for是介词,后面接名词或v-ing,与be used to do sth同义。
  eg:Bamboo can be used for building houses. 竹子可以用来建房子。
  1. the number of和a number of
  1). the number of表示“……的数量”,跟复数名词连用作主语时,谓语动词要用单数。
  eg:The number of giant pandas is growing. 大熊猫的数量在增加。
  2). a number of表示“许多……”,修饰可数名词复数。作主语时,谓语动词用复数。number前可用great,large,small等修饰,表示程度。
  eg:A number of students are planting trees on the hill. 许多学生在山上植树。
  2. nearly和almost
  1). nearly可以和not连用,not nearly是“绝不是,远非”的意思,almost不能和not连用。但是nearly和almost都可以用在实义动词的否定形式之前。
  eg:He nearly / almost didn’t hear what I had said. 他几乎没听到我说了什么。
  2). almost和nearly都用在all,every等词之前。但是almost可用于any,anything,no,none,never,nothing等词的前面,而nearly则不可以。
  eg:Nearly / Almost all the boys went to the farm last week.上周几乎所有的男孩都去了农场。
  Module 4 Rules and suggestions
  Unit 1 You must be careful of falling stones.
  1. pay attention to sth. /doing sth. 注意(做)某事2. for a moment 一会儿
  3. set off/out= start off /out 出发,动身set off for sp. 动身去某地
  4. suggest doing sth. 建议做某事suggest that sb. (should) do sth. 建议某人应该做某事make a suggestion 提建议
  5. whenever = no matter when 无论什么时候6. close to = next to = near 靠近
  7. hurt oneself 伤着某人自己8. keep together 聚在一起,不分散
  9. be/ get lost 迷路10. go off = leave 离开;熄灭;变质
  11. on one’s own = by oneself = alone 独自地12. Start to do / doing sth. 开始做某事
  13. be careful of /with sth. 小心某物be careful of doing sth. 小心做某事be careful to do sth. 做某事小心
  14. come on 过来;赶快;加油15. To start /begin with 起初,开始的时候begin/start with 以……开始
  16. get + adj. 变得(强调变化)get yellow
  Unit 2-Unit3 We must keep the camp clean.
  1. watch out = look out = be careful 小心,当心2. Watch out for sb. /sth. 当心某人/某物
  3. the three of us 我们三个人(总共三人)three of us 我们中的三个(我们不止三人)
  4. fall asleep 入睡5. In the middle of the night = at midnight 在午夜
  6. noise n. 噪音- noisy adj. 吵闹的noisily adv. 吵闹地make a noise 制造噪音
  7. look out of … 从…往外看Don’t look out of the window in class.
  8. open adj. 开着的;营业的 -- closed adj.open v. 打开;开业 –close v.
  9. in a tree (外来的物)在树上on a tree (树本身长的的东西)在树上
  10. put up 建造;搭起;举起11. from a long way away 从很远的地方
  12. tidy up 收拾;整理;使整洁13. reach out 伸出(手或臂)reach out for sth. 伸手去够某物reach sp. 到达某地
  14. look up 抬头;向上看;查找,查阅
  15. a piece of wood 一块木头in the woods 在树林
  16. every time = each time 每次;每当(引导时间状语从句)
  17. My blood went cold. 我全身发冷。go bad变坏/变质go blind 失明
  18. except 介词 除……之外,常与all, every, anything, anyone, no 等词连用。
  19. be made of 由……制成的The table is made of wood. 这张桌子是用木头做成的。
  20. wake up to …= realize 意识到We must wake up to the importance of English.
  21. To save water is to save lives. 节约水就是挽救生命。To see is to believe. 眼见为实。
  22. pass on … to…= pass… on to… 把……传递给……Please pass on the letter to him.
  23. in order to do sth. 为了做某事so that + 句子 以便;为了
  24. at the same time 同时25. be known as 作为……而出名She is known as a writer. 她作为一名作家而出名。
  26. be responsible for sb. /sth. 对某人/某事负责I’m responsible for my child.
  1. can, could
  1) 情态动词没有非谓语形式,即没有不定式,分词,等形式。例:
  此时可用be able to代替。can只有一般现在时和一般过去式;而be able to则有更多的时态。
  eg:I’ll not be able to come this afternoon.我今天下午能来。
  当表示“经过努力才得以做成功某事”时应用be able to,不能用can。
  eg:He was able to go to the party yesterday evening in spite of the heavy rain.尽管昨晚下大雨,他还是来参加聚会了。
  2) 表示请求和允许。
  ---Can I go now?
  ---Yes, you can. / No, you can’t.
  ---是的,你可以。/ 不,你不能。
  此时可与may互换。在疑问句中还可用could, might代替,不是过去式,只是语气更委婉,不能用于肯定句和答语中。
  3) 表示推测(惊讶、怀疑、不相信的态度),用于疑问句、否定句中。
  eg:This can’t be done by him.这不可能是他做的。
  2. may, might
  1) 表示请求和允许。might比 may语气更委婉,而不是过去式。否定回答时可用can’t或mustn’t,表示“不可以,禁止”。
  --- May/Might I take this book out of the room?
  --- Yes, you can. (No, you can’t / mustn’t.)
  用May I...?用于征徇对方许可时比较正式和客气,而用Can I...?在口语中更常见。
  2) 表示推测、可能性(表示此意时,不用于疑问句)。
  eg:He may /might be very busy now. 他现在可能很忙。
  3. must, have to
  1) 表示必须、必要。
  eg:You must come in time. 你必须准时来。
  在回答引出的问句时,如果是否定的,不能用mustn’t(禁止),而用needn’t, don’t have to(不必)。
  2) must是说话人的主观看法, 而have to则强调客观需要。
  The play isn’t interesting, I really must go now.这个演出没意思,我真的必须走了。
  I had to work when I was your age.当我像你这么大时不得不出去工作。
  3) 表示推测、可能性(只用于肯定的陈述句)
  eg:Your mother must be waiting for you now. 你妈妈现在肯定在等你。
  eg:This cannot be your pen. 这支不可能是你的笔。
  1. go to bed,get / go to sleep和fall asleep
  1). go to bed强调动作,指“上床睡觉”。
  eg:They usually go to bed at ten o’clock. 他们通常10点钟上床。
  2). get / go to sleep表示“入睡,设法睡着”。
  eg:I went to sleep quite late last night. 我昨晚很晚才睡着。
  3). fall asleep表示“熟睡,睡着”,侧重“无意识地入睡”。
  eg:He fell asleep during the meeting. 在会议期间他睡着了。
  2. whenever的用法
  1). 用作副词,意为“无论什么时候”,相当于at any time。
  eg:Don’t worry. We can do it next week or whenever.
  2). 用作连词,意为“每当;无论何时”。whenever是从属连词,引导时间状语从句,比when语气强。
  eg:Whenever she comes, she brings a friend. 她每次来都带一个朋友。
  Module 5 Look after yourself
  Unit 1 We’d better get you to hospital.
  1. seriously = badly 严重地The person is seriously hurt. 这个人受伤很严重。
  2. sth. happened to sb. 某人发生某事sb. happen to do sth. 某人碰巧做了某事
  happen 指偶然发生,无被动语态take place 指事先安排或按计划发生,无被动语态
  3. catch up 赶上atch up with sb. 赶上/追上某人
  4. in + 一段时间,用于将来时,对其提高用how soon. 在多久之后
  5. miss v. 想念;错过;missing adj. 不在的,缺席的;失踪的;丢失的
  6. have an agreement to do sth.= agree to do sth. 达成一致做某 事;同意做某事
  7. have an accident 发生一次意外事故by accident = by chance 意外地;偶然地
  8. fall over 向前摔倒fall off 跌落;从……掉下来fall down 倒下 fall off sth. = fall down from sth. 从某物上掉下来
  9. show sb. sth. = show sth. to sb. 给某人看某物
  10. There he is. 他在那儿。Here comes the bus. 公车来了。
  11. Nothing serious. 没什么严重的;不严重12. call off 取消put off 推迟
  Unit 2-Unit3 Get off the sofa!
  1. thanks to = because of = with the help of 幸亏,由于
  2. health care 卫生保健(服务)
  3. expect to do sth. 期望做某事expect sb. to do sth. 指望/预料某人做某事expect that从句 预计/预料
  4. get off 下(车、马);离开;动身5. keep fit =keep healthy = stay healthy 保持健康
  5. step n. 脚步(声);步骤;措施 v. 走;踏入;踩step by step 逐步地
  6. require sth. 需要某物require (sb.) to do sth. 要求(某人)做某事sth. require doing (表被动) = sth. require to be done某物需要被
  7. the same as 与……一样的8. once in a while = sometimes = at times = now and then = from time to time 偶尔;有时
  9. not just … but… 不仅…而且…not …but … 不是…而是…
  10.say no to 向…说不;拒绝say yes to 向……说行;同意11. think about 考虑;思考
  12. be in good health 身体健康13. not… at all 根本不,一点也不Not at all. 不客气;没关系
  14. put on weight 增肥;增加体重lose weight 减肥;减轻体重
  15. plan to do sth. 计划/打算做某事16. be worth doing sth. 值得做某事17. from side to side 左右摇摆;从一边到另一边18. in pain 痛苦地 make tea 沏茶19. take /show an interest in 对……感兴趣be/become/get interested in 对……感兴趣
  20. for the past couple of months在过去的几个月里in the past few years 在过去的几年中
  21. take up 开始从事;开始养成……的习惯;占用;占据22. stay up 熬夜
  23. Thousands of people died from smoking. 死于吸烟
  24. give up smoking = stop smoking 戒烟
  1. 一般现在时
  1) 一般现在时的结构:sb.do / does; sb.is/am/are
  2). 表示经常性或习惯性发生的动作。
  3). 表示客观事实,真理和自然现象。
  4). 在某些以here,there开头的句子中用一般现在时表示正在发生的动作。
  5). 经常与一般现在时连用的时间状语有always, sometimes, on Sunday, once a year等。
  2. 一般过去时
  1). 一般过去时的结构:sb. did; sb. was/were
  2). 表示过去某时间发生的动作或存在的状态。
  3). 表示过去的习惯或经常发生的动作。
  4). 和一般过去时连用的时间状语有yesterday, last night, in 1990, just now等。
  3. 一般将来时
  1). 一般将来时的结构:sb. will do; sb. be going to do / be
  2). 表示将来要发生的动作或存在的状态。
  3). 经常与一般将来时连用的时间状语有tomorrow,next week,in two years等。
  4. 现在进行时
  1). 现在进行时的结构:sb. am/is/are doing
  2). 现在进行时的主要用法:
  非延续性动词如go, leave, arrive, start等用现在进行时表马上就要发生。
  3). 和现在进行时连用的时间状语有now, at this moment, Look! Listen!
  5. 过去进行时
  1). 过去进行时的结构:sb. was / were doing
  2). 过去进行时的用法:
  非延续性动词如go, leave, arrive, start等用过去进行时表过去将要发生的动作。
  3). 和过去进行时连用的时间状语有at 6:00 yesterday, sb. did when/while sb. was/were doing
  6. 现在完成时
  1). 现在完成时的结构:sb. have/has done
  2). 现在完成时的主要用法:
  表示说话之前已经完成的动作,常与already, yet, just, by this time等时间状语连用。
  1. hurt,harm和wound
  1). hurt常指精神上、肉体上或感情上的伤害。指肉体上的伤害时,hurt可与badly,slightly,seriously等连用;如果指精神上的创伤,可与rather,deeply等连用。
  eg:His words hurt my feelings.他的话伤了我的感情。
  2). harm用于肉体或精神上的伤害,有时可指引起不安或不便,还可用于抽象事物,尤其是不道德的事情。
  eg:Smoking seriously harmed his health.吸烟严重地伤害了他的健康。
  3). wound通常指外界包里造成的创伤,多指用枪或刀等武器伤害。
  eg:He got wounded in the battle.他在战斗中受伤了。
  2. call in,call off和call out
  1). call in表示“邀请,叫来”。
  eg:He is ill, you should call in the doctor right away.他病了,你应该立即请大夫来。
  2). call off表示“取消”。
  eg:The game was called off on account of heavy rain.比赛因大雨被取消。
  3). call out表示“大声地喊”。
  eg:Don’t worry, I will call out the stops.别担心,我会报站的。
  Module 6 Eeating together
  Unit 1 When is the school-leavers’ party?
  1. hold v. 举办;召开;抓住;握住;容纳hold/have a meeting 开会
  2. in fact 事实上;实际上
  3. sb. be chosen to do sth. 某人被选中去做某事choose sb. to do sth. 选某人去做某事
  choose v. 选择choice n. 选择make a choice 作出选择
  4. ask sb. to do sth. 请/要求某人去做某事 其否定形式ask sb. not to do sth.ask sb. for sth. 问某人要某物
  5. dish n. 一道菜;菜肴;盘;碟wash the dishes = do the dishes 清洗餐具
  6. be no good 不适合,不行,不好It is no good /use doing sth. 做某事没用
  be no good to sb. 对某人没有好处/帮助be no good for sth. 某物不适合
  7. prepare to do sth. 准备做某事prepare for 为……做准备
  prepare sth. for… 为…准备某物prepare sb.sth. = prepare sth. for sb. 为某人准备某物
  8. be made with 用…做成be made of (看得出原材料)be made from (看不出原材料)
  be made in + 地点 产于某地be made into +成品 被制成
  9. everywhere 处处;到处(用于肯定句)somewhere 某处;在某处(用于肯定句)
  anywhere 任何地方;在什么地方(用于否定句 / 疑问句 / 条件句中)
  Unit2 –Unit3 Knives and forks are used for most western food.
  1. serve sb. sth. = serve sth. for sb. 为某人端上serve the people 为人民服务 (serve后不加for)
  server n. 服务员servant n. 仆人service n. 服务
  2. at the start of = at the beginning of 在……开始时at the end of 在……结束时
  3. be similar to 与……相似be similar in 在某方面与……相似
  4. be used for (doing) sth. 被用于(做)某事be used as 被用作
  be used by 被…使用be used to do sth. 被用来做某事
  used to do sth. 过去常常做某事be/get used to doing sth. 习惯做某事
  5. in one’s left / right 在某人的左手/右手on one’s left/ right 在某人的左边/ 右边
  6. serve oneself 自助help oneself to sth. 随便用…(食物/饮料)
  7. cross adj. 生气的 同义词为→angry
  be cross with sb. 生某人的气be cross at /about sth. 因某事而生气cross v. 穿过,越过
  8. offer sb. sth. = offer sth. to sb. 提供某人某物offer to do sth. 主动提出做某事
  9. be over 结束 adv.over prep. 在……上方(不接触),越过,超过
  10. expect to do sth. 期待做某事expect sb. to do sth. 期望某人做某事
  expect +that从句 预计/料想…expect + n./pron. 预计……可能发生;期望
  11. as soon as 一……就(主将从现)
  12. finish doing sth. 结束/完成某事eat up sth. 吃完;吃光
  13. without prep.(介词),后接名词/代词/动名词。
  He went out without locking the door. 他没锁门就出去了。
  We can’t finish the work without your help.=We can’t finish the work if you don’t help us.
  14. pick up 捡起;拾起来;拿起;得到;pick sb. up 接某人
  15. be/get ready to do sth. 准备好做某事be /get ready for sth. 为某事做准备
  16. find it + 形容词 + to do sth.I find it hard to learn maths well.
  find + that + 宾语从句Ifind that teachers are friendly to me here.find +宾语 +宾补(形容词/名词/动词ing)He found the boy crying over there.
  17. email sb. 给某人写邮件email ab. at + 邮箱地址 …往…邮箱给某人发邮件
  18. towards prep. 朝;向;对着。其后接名词、代词或动名词。Tom ran towards the door.
  19. dress up 穿上盛装;乔装打扮dress up as +人 打扮成dress up in +衣服 穿…
  1. 概念:表示动作与主语之间是被动关系的句子是被动语态。被动语态(passive voice)是动词的一种形式,用以说明主语与谓语动词之间的关系。英语的语态共有两种:主动语态和被动语态。主动语态表示主语是动作的执行者,被动语态表示主语是动作的承受者。被动语态常用于陈述事实,一般用在科技文章或新闻报道中。
  2. 各种不同时态的主动语态与被动语态的对比

  1. especially和specially
  1). especially是副词,意为“尤其,特别”,用于列举某个特例或某事物的特殊性。
  eg:Everyone wants to go hiking, especially Lucy.每个人都想徒步旅行,特别是露西。
  2). specially是副词,意为“专门地,特意地”,表示“不是为了别人的,而只是为了……”,强调唯一目的。
  eg:She has her clothes specially made in Paris.衣服是特意在巴黎定做的。
  2. not…any more和not… any longer
  1). not…any more相当于no more,常用来修饰非延续性动词,表示今后不再重复以前发生的动作,多指数量上不再增加。
  2). not… any longer相当于no longer,在句中起副词作用,用来修饰延续性动词,指某事从时间上讲以后不会再发生,其时间不再延续。
  Module 7 English for you and me
  Unit 1 Have you ever been to an English corner?
  1. make progress in (doing) sth. 在(做)某事方面取得进步
  I have made great progress in maths this year. 这一学期我在数学方面取得了很大进步。
  make rapid /great/much/some progress
  2. achieve v. 成功;实现(主语是人)achievement n. 成就
  achieve success /victory / one’s dream 取得成功/胜利/实现某人的梦想
  come true 主语是梦想、蓝图、计划等。Your dream will come true one day.
  3. anyway adv. 无论如何;不管怎样
  4. spoken English 英语口语written English 英语书面语English-speaking 说英语的
  at the beginning 开始,原先,起初at the beginning of 在……之初
  5. keep doing sth. = go on doing sth. 继续做某事
  6. have fun 玩得开心have fun (in) doing sth. 做某事有趣
  7. continue to do sth.continue doing sth.continue with sth. 继续做某事
  8. you mean 你意思是说,你指,用在口语中,用于核实某人所说的话。You mean I must finish it before I go home?
  9. thought 原以为(但实际并非如此或现在不认为)I thought he was honest, but I’m wrong.
  10. including prep. 包括,后接名词/代词/动名词。include v. 包括
  11. don’t need to do sth. = needn’t do sth. 不需要做某事;不必做某事
  12. speak to sb. 和某人说话/通话13. at the same time 同时
  14. help sb. with sth. = help sb. (to) do sth. 帮助某人做某事 with one’s help = with the help of sb. 在某人的帮助下
  15. in the future 在将来in future = from now on 今后,从今以后
  Unit 2- Unit 3 We all own English.
  1. own v. 拥有owner n. 主人;物主own adj. 自己的one’s own 某人自己的
  on one’s own = by oneself = alone 独自地of one’s own 某人自己的
  2. be used as 被用作3. everyday adj. 日常的every day 每天
  4. grow up 长大(成人)grow vi.-生长 vt.-种植 系动词-变得
  5. 分数表示法:分子用基数词,分母用序数词,当分子大于一时,分母要用复数。
  a quarter 一刻钟;四分之一three quarters 四分之三 five sixths 六分之五
  One fifth of the water is dirty.Three fifths of the students in our class are girls.
  6. There is a good chance that = It is possible that = It is likely that 很有可能……
  7. the reason why …is that… …的原因是…
  The reason why he doesn’t come here today is that he is ill.
  8. a common language 通用语言common adj. 共同的;普遍的
  9. borrow from 从…借用/引用/借入People borrowed some musical terms from Italian.
  10. the importance of ……的重要性We all know the importance of learning English.
  11. as 随着,表示两个动作同时发生,引导时间状语从句。As time went on, he grew cleverer and cleverer.
  12. together with 和……一起;加上,相当于with。当主语部分含有with, together with, along with等介词或介词短语时,谓语动词与介词前面的主语部分一致。
  13. rich adj. 富有的;丰富的be rich in 富有The small country is rich in oil.
  14. even though = even if 尽管,引导让步状语从句。
  15. different types of = different kinds of = all kinds of 不同种类的;各种各样的
  a type /kind of 一种this type /kind of 这种type n. 类型;各类 type v. 打字
  16. so that 以便;为的是;结果,引导目的状语从句/结果状语从句。相当于in order that.
  so + 形/副词that… 如此…以致于…He spoke so fast that no one could follow him.
  such+a/an+形容词+单数可数名词+that从句He is such a nice boy that we all love him.
  such +形容词+复数名词 + that 从句
  They are such interesting books that we all enjoy reading them.
  such + 形容词+不可数名词 + that 从句
  Today is such bad weather that we have to stay at home.
  17. take every chance to do sth. 抓住一切机会做某事
  have /get a chance to do sth. = have /get a chance of doing sth. 有机会做某事
  18. reach a very high level of English 达到一个很高的英语水平
  19. bright = clever adj. 聪明的 bright adj. 明亮的;光线充足的 brightly adv. 明亮地
  20. hard-working adj. 工作努力的;勤奋的,作表语或定语
  work hard 努力工作/学习work hard on /at 努力学习;努力干;致力于
  He works hard at English and he is a hard-working student.
  21. be proud of 以……为自豪take pride in 对……感到自豪
  22. learn from 从……学到learn …from… 从某处获得知识
  learn from sb. 向某人学习learn …by heart 熟记……,背诵
  learn one’s lesson from 从……中吸取教训learn … by oneself 自学
  23. disappear 消失vi.不及物动词,不能用于被动语态.
  appear v. 出现 appearance n.出现;露面;外表
  He disappeared into the dark. 他消失在黑暗中。
  24. have/has been + 动词的现在分词,是现在完成进行时结构,表示过去某一时刻之前开始的动作或状态一直延续到现在。
  I have been writing the novel for two months. 这本小说我已经写了两个月了。
  25. be based on 以……为依据
  This novel is based on historical facts. 这部小说是以历史事实为根据的。
  1. 掌握本课核心词汇和固定搭配。
  2. 掌握一般现在时的特殊疑问句基本用法,并能能够作出回答。
  3. 能够听,说,读,写与计算机等科技相关话题的文章材料。
  1. open和turn on
  1). open意为“打开”,反义词为close“关闭”,通常指把封闭的东西打开,比如“开窗”,“开门”等。
  2). turn on也表示“打开”,翻译词为turn off“关上”,通常表示电器的开关,比如“开电脑”,“开电视”等。
  May I open the window for a while? 我能开一会窗么?
  Turn on the light when it is dark. 天黑了就把灯开开。
  Module 8 My future life
  Unit 1 Here’s to our friendship!
  1. I feel a bit sad. 我感觉有点伤心。feel是连系动词,常接形容词作表语。
  feel sb. /sth. do sth. 感觉某人/某物做了某事feel sb. /sth. doing sth.
  feel like sth. 想要某物feel like doing sth. = want to do sth. 想要做某事
  2. on the wall 在墙上(某物在墙的表面上)in the wall (某物镶嵌在墙内或在墙上)
  3. beat n. 节拍;拍子beat v. 战胜;敲;跳动
  4. Pardon? 能再说一遍吗?/你说什么?相当于 I beg your pardon.
  5. intend to do sth. 打算做某事intend sb. to do sth. 打算让某人做某事
  6. for long = for a long time 很长时间
  7. I hope so. 我希望是这样的。(同意)I hope not. 我希望不是这样。(不同意)
  8. even if = even though 尽管;即使9. become = be v. 成为
  10. Good for you! 太好了!/祝贺你!/适合你!(表赞赏)
  11. fetch sb. sth. = fetch sth. for sb. 去拿某物给某fetch sth. from sw. 去某地拿来某物
  12. raise our glasses 举杯raise vi. 升起;起身raise vt. 举起;提高;筹钱 raise money
  13. Here’s to sb. /sth.!为某人/某事干杯!Cheers!干杯!(喝酒时)
  Unit 2-Unit3 I know that you will be better at maths.
  1. I’m proud +that 从句 我很自豪…
  2. choose sb. to do sth. 选某人做某事choose to do sth. 选择去做某事make a choice n.
  3. a group of 一群;一组in groups 以小组为单位;成群结队的
  4. thank sb. for (doing) sth. 感谢某人(做了)某事thank sb. 感谢某人
  give thanks for sth. 为……而感谢give thanks to sb. 感谢某人
  give thanks to sb. for doing sth. 为做某事而感谢某人
  5. laugh at sb. 嘲笑某人smile at / to sb. 对某人微笑
  6. teach sb. to do sth.教某人做某事teach sb. sth. = teach sth. to sb.教某人某事teach oneself sth. = learn sth. by oneself自学
  7. kind adj. 好心的;和蔼的kindness n. 善举;好意
  8. There is no success without effort. 没有努力就不会有成功。
  9. try / do one’s best to do sth. 尽某人最大努力做某事
  10. not only … but also … 不仅……而且…11. work hard at 在……方面努力学习;致力于
  13. disappointed adj. 失望的;沮丧的be disappointed with sb. 对某人失望disappointing adj. 令人失望的;令人扫兴的14. make / take notes 记笔记
  15. be sure that从句 确信be sure of /about sth. 对……确信/有把握be sure to do sth. 务必/ 一定做某事
  16. happy adj. 快乐的happily adv. 快乐地happiness n. 快乐;幸福;高兴
  17. stay in touch = keep in touch 保持联系out of touch 失去联系
  stay / keep in touch with sb. 与某人保持联系lose touch with sb. 与某人失去联系
  18. match v. 与……相配The tie matches your clothes. 那条领带与你的衣服相配。
  match … with… 把……与……搭配起来Match the words with the pictures.
  19. It’s time to do sth. = It’s time for sth. 到做某事的时间了
  It’s time for sb. to do sth. 到某人该做某事的时间了
  20. make a living 谋生His father made a living by selling newspaper. 他父亲以卖报为生。
  21. He believes that he has a bright future ahead of him. 他相信他前面有一片光明的未来。
  22. What are you planning to do in the next three years.?你计划在接下来的三年里做什么?
  1. 宾语从句
  2). 宾语从句的引导词
  接代词有:who/whoever, whom/whomever, whose, what/whatever, which/whichever;
  连接副词有:when/whenever, where/wherever, how/however, why等。
  a).引导词who, whose, what , which ;when, where, how, why
  eg:He told me (that he would) go to the college the next year. 他告诉我他明年上大学.。
  I don’t know if there will be a bus any more. 我不知道是否还会有公交车.。
  可跟that从句做宾语的动词有:tell, say, think, wish, hope, demand, imagine, wonder, know, suppose, see, believe, agree, admit, expect, explain, dream, suggest, hear, mean, notice, request, require, report等。
  eg:The boy believes that he will travel through space to other planets.那男孩相信他可以通过穿越时空到达其他星球。
  eg:I’m sorry (that) I don’t know.
  c).由whether, if 引导的宾语从句
  eg:I don’t know if /whether he still lives here after so many years.我不知道这么多年后他是否还住在这儿。
  3). 宾语从句的语序
  4). 宾语从句的时态
  The headmaster hopes (that) everything goes well. 校长希望一切进行的顺利。
  My uncle tells me that he has been to Canada twice. 我叔叔告诉我他已经去过加拿大两次了。
  I saw she was talking with her mother. 我看到他那会正在和她妈妈说话。
  He told me that he had finished his homework.他过去那会告诉我他早已经完成他的作业了。
  eg:The teacher told his class that light travels faster than sound.老师曾经告诉他的班级光的传播速度要比声音快。
  2. 定语从句
  1). 定义:在复合句中,修饰某一名词或代词的从句叫定语从句。
  2). 定语从句所修饰的词叫先行词;定语从句一般用关系代词或关系副词来引导,关系词放在先行词与定语从句之间起连接作用,同时又作从句中的一个成分。
  引导定语从句的关系代词有:that, who, whom, whose, which
  关系副词有:when, where, why.
  3). 关系代词的用法:
  a).作主语用who, which和that
  eg:He is the man who/that lives next door. 他就是住在隔壁的那个人。
  b).作宾语用whom, who, which, that
  eg:The man (whom/who/that) we have just seen is a famous writer.我们刚刚看到的那个人是著名作家。
  eg:He is the man whose car was stolen last week.他就是上周车被偷了的那个人。
  4). 关系副词的用法:
  a).when 指时间,在从句中作时间状语,它的先行词通常有:time, day, morning, night, week, year 等。
  eg:Do you know the date when Lincoln was born?你知道林肯的出生日期吗?
  b).where指地点,在从句中作地点状语。它的先行词通常有:place, spot, street, house, room, city, town, country等,
  eg:This is the hotel where they are staying.这就是他们下榻的宾馆。
  eg:That is the reason why he is leaving so soon.
  5). 在限制性定语从句中,当先行词指物时,关系词可用which或that,二者常可以互换;但在下列情况中,只能用that,不用which。
  a).当先行词是all, a lot, (a) little, few, much, none, anything, something, everything, nothing等词时。
  b).当先行词被all, any no, much, little, few, every等限定词所修饰时。
  e).当先行词被 the very, the only, the next, the last等所修饰时。
  1. bring,take,carry和fetch的用法辨析
  bring: ”带来“,指把东西从远处拿到近处来,方向向里。
  take: ”拿走“,指把东西从近处往远处拿,方向向外。
  Please bring your homework to school tomorrow.明天请把你的作业带到学校来。
  Whose book is this? Please take it away.这是谁的书?请把它带走。
  He is carrying boxes.他正在搬箱子。
  Please fetch me the coat.请把外套给我拿来。
  2. beside和besides
  1). beside是介词,意为“在……旁边”,“和……相比”。
  He sat beside an old man. 他坐在意为老人旁边。
  She looks tall beside you. 她看起来比你高。
  2). besides用作介词时,意为“除……之外(还)”。
  eg:Do you like other sports besides basketball?

未经允许不得转载:阿玲英语资料 > (外研版)初中英语九年级下册知识点归纳总结


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